It can be said that handle-based models are an important ingredient in an Eclipse IDE, if only because the workspace resource model is handle-based. The handle-based Java Model of JDT provides further evidence. The Java Model also shows that the (programming-language agnostic) resource model is often not enough: a language or a group of languages may need its own handle-based model that defines a code-centric view on resources and supports navigation down to structural elements inside a source file (which requires parsing the contents of the file). It is this class of language-oriented handle-based models that is the main interest of this project.

The project aims to investigate technology needed to deal with such handle-based models on a large scale. In particular, the project attempts to distill core abstractions of a handle-based model into a uniform API and supply basic building blocks for construction of such models. It borrows heavily from some of the design patterns and principles underlying the Java Model, but aims for a generalized albeit partial implementation.

Thus, the project provides a uniform API and a partial implementation for the central notion of a handle that acts like a key to a model element and has the following principal characteristics:

  • a value object - immutable, equality isn't based on identity
  • can define the behavior of an element, but doesn't keep any element state (beyond the key information) - lightweight, never stale, references can be kept for a long time
  • can refer to non-existing elements - existence can be tested with exists()

A handle-based design gives a lot of freedom when resolving handles to find the corresponding element state (the body). For instance, an implementation can maintain a (not strictly) bounded LRU cache of element bodies. The handle acts like a key into the cache. The model swaps out bodies to make room for other elements (unsaved changes can never be swapped out). Bodies store the cached structure and attributes for a particular element and are computed on demand. The basic building blocks for such implementation are supplied by the project.

Furthermore, the project supports the notion of a working copy (of a source file), its editing and reconciling. A layer of integration with Xtext is provided for editing and reconciling a working copy connected to an Xtext editor.

While providing a uniform handle-based API, the project tries to impose as minimal restrictions as possible on the shape or the underlying language(s) of attainable models.

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